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Keoladeo National Park

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

The geographical location is ideal as it is on the main North - South avian route of India. Although small in size, 29 sq. km. only, it boasts of housing more than 375 species of beautiful birds. More than 132 of them breed inside the National Park and nearly every year new ones are added to the list. The sanctuary not only attracts birds from India but also from places like Europe, Siberia, China and Tibet.

Before the monsoon hundreds of these exotic birds roost and nest-building activities start on the babool and kadam trees of the park. Water coming through the Ajan Bandh starts filling the various ponds and lakes of the Park.

When assured of enough food, hundreds of large, medium and little cormorants, darters, purple and Grey herons, various species of egret, painted, open-billed, white necked and black necked storks, white ibis, spoonbills, night herons and other birds get busy in courting and mating. The trees are overloaded with nests; one can observe a tree housing upto fifty or sixty nests, belonging to different species of birds looking after their young. Gracious Saras cranes, the tallest flying birds nest in exposed and open areas, both partners share the duty of incubating the eggs. They perform beautiful displays - coming together they raise their neck and make shrill trumpetic calls in unison and at the same time fan their feathers. The newly born chicks are only 10 cm. in size but grow upto one meter in height within a year.

As the monsoons arrive birds from every part of the country start pouring into the park. Migratory water-fowl, including the pride of Keoladeo, Siberian Cranes, form the indispensable part of Park. The water-fowl visit the park in thousands during the month of October. The most noticeable water-fowl coming to the park are barheaded and greyley geese.